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Sunday, 27 February 2011

REFLEXIVE VERBS



In italian, actions which are carried out upon oneself are called reflexive. That is "I call myself" (Chiamarsi (1st, 1) => Mi Chiamo) or "He washes himself" (Lavarsi (3rd, 1) => Si Lava).

In the diagram above, the 1st person (I) is the top of the triangle, the 2nd person (YOU) is to the left, and 3rd (HE) to the right. Plural forms (WE/YE/THEY) are outside the triangle.

The top triangle represents verbs ending in ARSI, the middle triangle represents ERSI verbs, and the bottom, IRSI.

The inner triangle represents:
1st,1 = Myself
2nd,1 = Yourself
3rd,1 = Himself
1st,2 = Ourselves
2nd,2 = Yourselves
3rd,2 = Themselves

Patterns:
  • The 1st singular form of ARSI, ERSI and IRSI is always MI +O
  • The 2nd singular form of ARSI, ERSI and IRSI is always TI +A
  • The 3rd singular form of ERSI and IRSI is always SI + E
  • The 1st plural form of ARSI, ERSI and IRSI is always CI + AMO
  • The 2nd plural form of ARSI, ERSI and IRSI is always VI {TE} >
  • The 3rd plural form of ERSI and IRSI is always SI + ONO

To Have (AVERE)


"To Have" in italian has six forms, 1st, 2nd and 3rd person (Me, You, Him/her) and the plural form of the 1st 2nd 3rd person (We, Ye , They)

As per the diagram, plural forms are outside the triangle.

AVERE (1st 1)= HO
AVERE (2nd 1) = HAI
AVERE (3rd 1) = HA
AVERE (1st >1) = ABBIAMO
AVERE (2nd >1) = AVETE
AVERE (3rd >1) = HANNO